The Risks of Distracted Driving: Understanding The Danger and ImpactUpdated Oct. 22, 2020
Failing to focus on the task of driving for even a moment could mean death or catastrophic injury, for you or for somebody else. In the time that you have glanced away from the road, a pedestrian could step out in front of your vehicle or another motorist could cut across your path. Nothing increases driving risk more than a distracted driver and worryingly, millions of them use United States roadways every day.
Any activity you engage in which does not immediately relate to the driving task is considered a distraction. This includes travel-related activities such as map reading or operating a navigation device. Irrespective of how important you may consider an activity to be, controlling your vehicle and monitoring the roadway demands your full attention and must take precedence. Dividing your attention between driving and another, unrelated task will significantly increase your chances of being involved in a traffic accident or collision.
Types of driving distractions
The phenomenon of distracted driving causes such incredible loss of life that it is the subject of extensive study. It is now understood that there are three basic types of driver distraction:
Visual distractionsforce you totake your eyes of the road.
Manual distractionsforce you to take yourhands off the steering wheel.
Cognitive distractionsforce you to take your mind off the task of driving.
Becoming distracted in any one of these ways dramatically increases the risk of having an accident. Frighteningly, many common driver distractions check all three of these boxes.
Think about texting while driving. You would be visually distracted by looking at your cell phone, manually distracted by operating the device and cognitively distracted by thinking about the content of the message. It’s no wonder that texting while driving is a leading cause of traffic accidents!
Common driver distractions
Do you think that you will be conscientious enough to avoid distractions while driving? Most new drivers do, yet studies orchestrated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have revealed that motorists typically spend 30 percent of the time they are driving engaging in non-essential activities. Driver distractions that frequently result in collisions include:
- Operating an electronic device, such as a cell phone, tablet, mp3 player or navigation device.
- Interacting with passengers.
- Eating or drinking.
- Personal grooming activities.
The false sense of safety we experience while driving often leads us to forget that we are hurtling along the roadway, at speed, in a metal box. You should not be applying make-up, eating your lunch or taking phone calls while behind the wheel. Driving must be the sole focus of your attention.
The impact of distracted driving
In 2016, 3,450 people were killed in traffic accidents which involved at least one distracted driver. The previous year saw 391,000 people injured in distracted driving crashes. Looking at these figures it is clear that driver distraction poses a significant threat to public safety, though the full scope of the problem is still not known.
We do know that there are many distracted driving incidents are not accounted for in these statistics, as it cannot always be established whether a driver was distracted at the time of an accident. Some experts estimate that driver distraction may be responsible for up to 80 percent of all traffic accidents and collisions around the United States.
To better understand the true impact of distracted driving, the NHTSA conducted a study using a sample of drivers and monitoring devices which tracked their actions behind the wheel. When collisions or near-collisions occurred, distraction was found to be a contributing factor 23 percent of the time. The results of this study allowed researchers to organize driver distractions in order of how frequently they resulted in collisions.
Understanding the relative risk of driver distractions
While engaging in any non-essential activity while driving increases risk, some driver distractions are more likely to result in collisions than others. It is not necessarily the “riskiest” actions that lead to the most collisions. More often, we see that distractions which occur frequently or take up more time pose the biggest threat.
For instance, dialing on a cell phone is inherently riskier than just talking on a cell phone hands-free, as the former is a visual, manual and cognitive distraction while the latter is purely cognitive. Though, as drivers spend considerably more time talking on the phone than they do dialing a number, both distractions were found to be responsible for roughly the same number of collisions.
It is important to take from this that no one distraction can be identified as being more dangerous than any other. Any activity which takes some of your attention away from the act of driving will significantly increase the likelihood of a collision occurring.
Distracted driving in teenagers
Teen drivers experience nearly double the risk of being involved in a distracted driving collision than older, more experienced drivers. As a young and relatively new driver, you are less likely to realize the danger involved in engaging in distracting activities and more likely to travel with distracting passengers.
Not only are teen drivers more likely to become distracted, they are more likely to be involved in a collision while being distracted. Becoming distracted is more harmful to teenage drivers, as their lack of experience means that the task of driving demands more attention.
Check out these figures from a 2013 NHTSA report:
- 14 out of every million licensed drivers were involved in fatal distracted driving crashes.
- 24 out of every million teenage licensed drivers were involved in fatal distracted driving crashes.
- Of the 3,154 distracted driving fatalities which occurred in 2013, 8 percent were teenagers between 15 and 19 years-old.
- 10 percent of all teenagers killed on the road died in distracted driving crashes.
- 10 percent of all drivers responsible for distracted driving deaths were teenagers.
As a teen driver, you are substantially more likely to kill or be killed as a result of distracted driving. In addition to monitoring your own driving behavior, you must encourage your friends to avoid driving while distracted, as lives may well depend on it.
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